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Differential type I interferon activation and susceptibility of dendritic cell populations to porcine arterivirus

Dendritic cells (DCs) play a role in anti‐viral immunity by providing early innate protection against viral replication and by presenting antigen to T cells for initiation of the adaptive immune response. Studies show the adaptive response to porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRS... Full description

Journal Title: Immunology February 2007, Vol.120(2), pp.217-229
Main Author: Loving, Crystal L.
Other Authors: Brockmeier, Susan L. , Sacco, Randy E.
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
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ID: ISSN: 0019-2805 ; E-ISSN: 1365-2567 ; DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2567.2006.02493.x
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recordid: wj10.1111/j.1365-2567.2006.02493.x
title: Differential type I interferon activation and susceptibility of dendritic cell populations to porcine arterivirus
format: Article
creator:
  • Loving, Crystal L.
  • Brockmeier, Susan L.
  • Sacco, Randy E.
subjects:
  • Dendritic Cell
  • Innate
  • Porcine
  • Respiratory
  • Type I Interferon
ispartof: Immunology, February 2007, Vol.120(2), pp.217-229
description: Dendritic cells (DCs) play a role in anti‐viral immunity by providing early innate protection against viral replication and by presenting antigen to T cells for initiation of the adaptive immune response. Studies show the adaptive response to porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is ineffective for complete viral elimination. Other studies describe the kinetics of the adaptive response to PRRSV, but have not investigated the early response by DCs. We hypothesize that there is an aberrant activation of DCs early in PRRSV infection; consequently, the adaptive response is triggered inadequately. The current study characterized a subtype of porcine lung DCs (L‐DCs) and investigated the ability of PRRSV to infect and replicate in L‐DCs and monocyte‐derived DCs (MDDCs). Furthermore, the type I interferon anti‐viral response to PRRSV with and without the addition of recombinant porcine IFN‐α (rpIFN‐α), an important cytokine that signals for anti‐viral mediator activation, was analysed. Results show that PRRSV replicated in MDDCs but not L‐DCs, providing evidence that these cells have followed distinct differentiation pathways. Although both cell types responded to PRRSV with an induction of IFN‐β mRNA, the magnitude and duration of the response differed between cell types. The addition of rpIFN‐α was protective in MDDCs, and mRNA synthesis of Mx (myxovirus resistant) and PKR (double‐stranded RNA dependent protein kinase) was observed in both cell types after rpIFN‐α addition. Overall, PRRSV replicated in MDDCs but not L‐DCs, and rpIFN‐α was required for the transcription of protective anti‐viral mediators. DC response to PRRSV was limited to IFN‐β transcription, which may be inadequate in triggering the adaptive immune response.
language:
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0019-2805 ; E-ISSN: 1365-2567 ; DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2567.2006.02493.x
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0019-2805
  • 00192805
  • 1365-2567
  • 13652567
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titleDifferential type I interferon activation and susceptibility of dendritic cell populations to porcine arterivirus
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subjectDendritic Cell ; Innate ; Porcine ; Respiratory ; Type I Interferon
descriptionDendritic cells (DCs) play a role in anti‐viral immunity by providing early innate protection against viral replication and by presenting antigen to T cells for initiation of the adaptive immune response. Studies show the adaptive response to porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is ineffective for complete viral elimination. Other studies describe the kinetics of the adaptive response to PRRSV, but have not investigated the early response by DCs. We hypothesize that there is an aberrant activation of DCs early in PRRSV infection; consequently, the adaptive response is triggered inadequately. The current study characterized a subtype of porcine lung DCs (L‐DCs) and investigated the ability of PRRSV to infect and replicate in L‐DCs and monocyte‐derived DCs (MDDCs). Furthermore, the type I interferon anti‐viral response to PRRSV with and without the addition of recombinant porcine IFN‐α (rpIFN‐α), an important cytokine that signals for anti‐viral mediator activation, was analysed. Results show that PRRSV replicated in MDDCs but not L‐DCs, providing evidence that these cells have followed distinct differentiation pathways. Although both cell types responded to PRRSV with an induction of IFN‐β mRNA, the magnitude and duration of the response differed between cell types. The addition of rpIFN‐α was protective in MDDCs, and mRNA synthesis of Mx (myxovirus resistant) and PKR (double‐stranded RNA dependent protein kinase) was observed in both cell types after rpIFN‐α addition. Overall, PRRSV replicated in MDDCs but not L‐DCs, and rpIFN‐α was required for the transcription of protective anti‐viral mediators. DC response to PRRSV was limited to IFN‐β transcription, which may be inadequate in triggering the adaptive immune response.
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abstractDendritic cells (DCs) play a role in anti‐viral immunity by providing early innate protection against viral replication and by presenting antigen to T cells for initiation of the adaptive immune response. Studies show the adaptive response to porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is ineffective for complete viral elimination. Other studies describe the kinetics of the adaptive response to PRRSV, but have not investigated the early response by DCs. We hypothesize that there is an aberrant activation of DCs early in PRRSV infection; consequently, the adaptive response is triggered inadequately. The current study characterized a subtype of porcine lung DCs (L‐DCs) and investigated the ability of PRRSV to infect and replicate in L‐DCs and monocyte‐derived DCs (MDDCs). Furthermore, the type I interferon anti‐viral response to PRRSV with and without the addition of recombinant porcine IFN‐α (rpIFN‐α), an important cytokine that signals for anti‐viral mediator activation, was analysed. Results show that PRRSV replicated in MDDCs but not L‐DCs, providing evidence that these cells have followed distinct differentiation pathways. Although both cell types responded to PRRSV with an induction of IFN‐β mRNA, the magnitude and duration of the response differed between cell types. The addition of rpIFN‐α was protective in MDDCs, and mRNA synthesis of Mx (myxovirus resistant) and PKR (double‐stranded RNA dependent protein kinase) was observed in both cell types after rpIFN‐α addition. Overall, PRRSV replicated in MDDCs but not L‐DCs, and rpIFN‐α was required for the transcription of protective anti‐viral mediators. DC response to PRRSV was limited to IFN‐β transcription, which may be inadequate in triggering the adaptive immune response.
copOxford, UK
pubBlackwell Publishing Ltd
doi10.1111/j.1365-2567.2006.02493.x
pages217-229
date2007-02