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Metabolic osteopathy in celiac disease: importance of a gluten‐free diet

Reduced bone mineral density (BMD) is frequently found in individuals with untreated celiac disease (CD), possibly due to calcium and vitamin D malabsorption, release of pro‐inflammatory cytokines, and misbalanced bone remodeling. A gluten‐free diet (GFD) promotes a rapid increase in BMD that leads... Full description

Journal Title: Nutrition Reviews October 2009, Vol.67(10), pp.599-606
Main Author: Capriles, Vanessa D
Other Authors: Martini, Ligia A , Arêas, José Alfredo G
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
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ID: ISSN: 0029-6643 ; E-ISSN: 1753-4887 ; DOI: 10.1111/j.1753-4887.2009.00232.x
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recordid: wj10.1111/j.1753-4887.2009.00232.x
title: Metabolic osteopathy in celiac disease: importance of a gluten‐free diet
format: Article
creator:
  • Capriles, Vanessa D
  • Martini, Ligia A
  • Arêas, José Alfredo G
subjects:
  • Bone Mineral Density
  • Celiac Disease
  • Gluten‐Free Diet
ispartof: Nutrition Reviews, October 2009, Vol.67(10), pp.599-606
description: Reduced bone mineral density (BMD) is frequently found in individuals with untreated celiac disease (CD), possibly due to calcium and vitamin D malabsorption, release of pro‐inflammatory cytokines, and misbalanced bone remodeling. A gluten‐free diet (GFD) promotes a rapid increase in BMD that leads to complete recovery of bone mineralization in children. Children may attain normal peak bone mass if the diagnosis is made and treatment is given before puberty, thereby preventing osteoporosis in later life. A GFD improves, but rarely normalizes, BMD in patients diagnosed with CD in adulthood. In some cases, nutritional supplementation may be necessary. More information on therapeutic alternatives is needed.
language:
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0029-6643 ; E-ISSN: 1753-4887 ; DOI: 10.1111/j.1753-4887.2009.00232.x
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0029-6643
  • 00296643
  • 1753-4887
  • 17534887
url: Link


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subjectBone Mineral Density ; Celiac Disease ; Gluten‐Free Diet
descriptionReduced bone mineral density (BMD) is frequently found in individuals with untreated celiac disease (CD), possibly due to calcium and vitamin D malabsorption, release of pro‐inflammatory cytokines, and misbalanced bone remodeling. A gluten‐free diet (GFD) promotes a rapid increase in BMD that leads to complete recovery of bone mineralization in children. Children may attain normal peak bone mass if the diagnosis is made and treatment is given before puberty, thereby preventing osteoporosis in later life. A GFD improves, but rarely normalizes, BMD in patients diagnosed with CD in adulthood. In some cases, nutritional supplementation may be necessary. More information on therapeutic alternatives is needed.
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abstractReduced bone mineral density (BMD) is frequently found in individuals with untreated celiac disease (CD), possibly due to calcium and vitamin D malabsorption, release of pro‐inflammatory cytokines, and misbalanced bone remodeling. A gluten‐free diet (GFD) promotes a rapid increase in BMD that leads to complete recovery of bone mineralization in children. Children may attain normal peak bone mass if the diagnosis is made and treatment is given before puberty, thereby preventing osteoporosis in later life. A GFD improves, but rarely normalizes, BMD in patients diagnosed with CD in adulthood. In some cases, nutritional supplementation may be necessary. More information on therapeutic alternatives is needed.
copMalden, USA
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doi10.1111/j.1753-4887.2009.00232.x
pages599-606
date2009-10