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Evolution of island mammals : adaptation and extinction of placental mammals on islands / Alexandra van der Geer; George Lyras; John de Vos and Michael Dermitzakis

"Evolution on islands differs in a number of important ways from evolution on mainland areas. Over millions of years of isolation, exceptional and sometimes bizarre mammals evolved on islands, such as pig-sized elephants and hippos, giant rats and gorilla-sized lemurs that would have been formidabl... Full description

PPN (Catalogue-ID): 626324815
Personen: Geer, Alexandra Anna Enrica van der
Lyras, George
Vos, John de
Dermitzakis, Michael
Format: Book Book
Enthält: pt. 1. Beyond the mainland ; 1. Introduction ; 2. History of island studies ; 3. Factors that influence island faunas. Types of islands. Dispersals to islands. The candidate species. Composition of island faunaspt. 2. The islands and their faunas. 4. Cyprus ; 5. Crete ; 6. Gargano ; 7. Sicily ; 8. Malta ; 9. Sardinia and Corsica ; 10. The Balearic Islands ; 11. Madagascar ; 12. Java ; 13. Flores ; 14. Sulawesi ; 15. The Philippines ; 16. Japan ; 17. The southern and central Ryukyu Islands ; 18. The Californian Channel Islands ; 19. The West Indies
pt. 3. Species and processes ; 20. Elephants, mammoths, stegodons and mastodons ; 21. Rabbits, hares and pikas ; 22. Rats, dormice, hamsters, caviomorphs and other rodents ; 23. Insectivores and bats ; 24. Cervids and bovids ; 25. Hippopotamuses and pigs ; 26. Carnivores ; 27. Patterns and trends. Dwarfism and gigantism. Increased size variation. Shorter limbs and stiff joints. Increased grinding force. Neurological changes. Changes in metabolism ; 28. Evolutionary processes in island environments. Types of speciation on islands. Intrinsic and extrinsic factors ; 29. Extinction of insular endemics. Natural disasters. Disappearance of the island. Competition by new species. Effects of exotic predators. Transmission of diseases. Habitat loss. Hunting to extinction.
Language: English
Published: Chichester, West Sussex [u.a.], Wiley-Blackwell, 2010
Edition: 1. ed.
Basisklassifikation: 42.21
42.84
RVK:

WH 8900: Biologie -- Evolution -- Phylogenie (Stammesgeschichte) -- Phylogenie der Tiere insgesamt -- Spezielle Phylogenie der Tiere -- Chordata insgesamt -- Vertebrata (Wirbeltiere) -- Mammalia (Säugetiere) insgesamt

Subjects:

Mammals, Fossil (Evolution)

Island animals (Evolution)

Evolutionary paleobiology

Insel / Säugetiere / Evolution

Notes: Literaturverz. S. [404] - 461
Physical Description: XI, 479 S., [8] Bl, Ill., graph. Darst., Kt.
ISBN: 1-4051-9009-4
978-1-4051-9009-1

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245 1 0 |a Evolution of island mammals  |b adaptation and extinction of placental mammals on islands  |c Alexandra van der Geer; George Lyras; John de Vos and Michael Dermitzakis 
250 |a 1. ed. 
264 1 |a Chichester, West Sussex [u.a.]  |b Wiley-Blackwell  |c 2010 
300 |a XI, 479 S., [8] Bl.  |b Ill., graph. Darst., Kt. 
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500 |a Literaturverz. S. [404] - 461 
501 |a pt. 1. Beyond the mainland ; 1. Introduction ; 2. History of island studies ; 3. Factors that influence island faunas. Types of islands. Dispersals to islands. The candidate species. Composition of island faunaspt. 2. The islands and their faunas. 4. Cyprus ; 5. Crete ; 6. Gargano ; 7. Sicily ; 8. Malta ; 9. Sardinia and Corsica ; 10. The Balearic Islands ; 11. Madagascar ; 12. Java ; 13. Flores ; 14. Sulawesi ; 15. The Philippines ; 16. Japan ; 17. The southern and central Ryukyu Islands ; 18. The Californian Channel Islands ; 19. The West Indies -- pt. 3. Species and processes ; 20. Elephants, mammoths, stegodons and mastodons ; 21. Rabbits, hares and pikas ; 22. Rats, dormice, hamsters, caviomorphs and other rodents ; 23. Insectivores and bats ; 24. Cervids and bovids ; 25. Hippopotamuses and pigs ; 26. Carnivores ; 27. Patterns and trends. Dwarfism and gigantism. Increased size variation. Shorter limbs and stiff joints. Increased grinding force. Neurological changes. Changes in metabolism ; 28. Evolutionary processes in island environments. Types of speciation on islands. Intrinsic and extrinsic factors ; 29. Extinction of insular endemics. Natural disasters. Disappearance of the island. Competition by new species. Effects of exotic predators. Transmission of diseases. Habitat loss. Hunting to extinction. 
501 |a Machine generated contents note: Preface. -- Part I Beyond the Mainland. -- 1 Introduction. -- 2 History of Island Studies. -- 3 Factors that Influence Island Faunas. -- Types of Islands. -- Dispersals to Islands. -- The Candidate Species. -- Composition of Island Faunas. -- Part II The Islands and Their Faunas. -- 4 Cyprus. -- Geology and Palaeogeography -- Historical Palaeontology. -- Biozones and Faunal Units. -- 5 Crete. -- Geology and Palaeogeography. -- Historical Palaeontology. -- Biozones and Faunal Units. -- 6 Gargano. -- Geology and Palaeogeography. -- Historical Palaeontology. -- Biozones and Faunal Units. -- 7 Sicily. -- Geology and Palaeogeography. -- Historical Palaeontology. -- Biozones and Faunal Units. -- 8 Malta. -- Geology and Palaeogeography. -- Historical Palaeontology. -- Biozones and Faunal Units. -- 9 Sardinia and Corsica. -- Geology and Palaeogeography. -- Historical Palaeontology. -- Biozones and Faunal Units. -- 10 The Balearic Islands. -- Geology and Palaeogeography. -- Historical Palaeontology. -- Biozones and Faunal Units. -- 11 Madagascar. -- Geology and Palaeogeography. -- Historical Palaeontology. -- Biozones and Faunal Units. -- 12 Java. -- Geology and Palaeogeography. -- Historical Palaeontology. -- Biozones and Faunal Units. -- 13 Flores. -- Geology and Palaeogeography. -- Historical Palaeontology. -- Biozones and Faunal Units. -- 14 Sulawesi. -- Geology and Palaeogeography. -- Historical Palaeontology. -- Biozones and Faunal Units. -- 15 The Philippines. -- Geology and Palaeogeography. -- Historical Palaeontology. -- Biozones and Faunal Units. -- 16 Japan. -- Geology and Palaeogeography. -- Historical Palaeontology. -- Biozones and Faunal Units. -- 17 The Southern and Central Ryukyu Islands. -- Geology and Palaeogeography. -- Historical Palaeontology. -- Biozones and Faunal Units. -- 18 The Californian Channel Islands. -- Geology and Palaeogeography. -- Historical Palaeontology. -- Biozones and Faunal Units. -- 19 The West Indies. -- Geology and Palaeogeography. -- Historical Palaeontology. -- Biozones and Faunal Units. -- Part III Species and Processes. -- 20 Elephants, Mammoths, Stegodons and Mastodons. -- Distribution and Range. -- Dispersals. -- Taxonomic Confusions. -- Common Morphological Traits. -- Other Common Trends. -- 21 Rabbits, Hares and Pikas. -- Distribution and Range. -- Common Morphological Traits. -- Other Common Trends. -- Dispersal of Lagomorphs. -- 22 Rats, Dormice, Hamsters, Caviomorphs and other Rodents. -- Distribution and Range. -- Common Morphological Traits. -- Remark on Taphonomy. -- 23 Insectivores and Bats. -- Distribution and Range. -- Common Morphological Traits. -- 24 Cervids and Bovids. -- Distribution and Range. -- Common Morphological Traits. -- Taxonomic Confusions. -- 25 Hippopotamuses and Pigs. -- Distribution and Range. -- Common Morphological Traits. -- Taxonomic Confusions. -- 26 Carnivores. -- Distribution and Range. -- Common Morphological Traits. -- Taxonomic Confusions. -- 27 Patterns and Trends. -- Dwarfism and Gigantism. -- Increased Size Variation. -- Shorter Limbs and Stiff Joints. -- Increased Grinding Force. -- Neurological Changes. -- Changes in Metabolism. -- 28 Evolutionary Processes in Island Environments. -- Types of Speciation on Islands. -- Intrinsic and Extrinsic Factors. -- 29 Extinction of Insular Endemics. -- Natural Disasters. -- Disappearance of the Island. -- Competition by New Species. -- Effects of Exotic Predators. -- Transmission of Diseases. -- Habitat Loss. -- Hunting to Extinction. -- References. -- Index. 
520 |a "Evolution on islands differs in a number of important ways from evolution on mainland areas. Over millions of years of isolation, exceptional and sometimes bizarre mammals evolved on islands, such as pig-sized elephants and hippos, giant rats and gorilla-sized lemurs that would have been formidable to their mainland ancestors. This timely and innovative book is the first to offer a much-needed synthesis of recent advances in the exciting field of the evolution and extinction of fossil insular placental mammals. It provides a comprehensive overview of current knowledge on fossil island mammals worldwide, ranging from the Oligocene to the onset of the Holocene. The book addresses evolutionary processes and key aspects of insular mammal biology, exemplified by a variety of fossil species. The authors discuss the human factor in past extinction events and loss of insular biodiversity. This accessible and richly illustrated textbook is written for graduate level students and professional researchers in evolutionary biology, palaeontology, biogeography, zoology, and ecology"-- 
520 |a "Evolution on islands differs in a number of important ways from evolution on mainland areas. Over millions of years of isolation, exceptional and sometimes bizarre mammals evolved on islands, such as pig-sized elephants and hippos, giant rats and gorilla-sized lemurs that would have been formidable to their mainland ancestors. This timely and innovative book is the first to offer a much-needed synthesis of recent advances in the exciting field of the evolution and extinction of fossil insular placental mammals. It provides a comprehensive overview of current knowledge on fossil island mammals worldwide, ranging from the Oligocene to the onset of the Holocene. The book addresses evolutionary processes and key aspects of insular mammal biology, exemplified by a variety of fossil species. The authors discuss the human factor in past extinction events and loss of insular biodiversity. This accessible and richly illustrated textbook is written for graduate level students and professional researchers in evolutionary biology, palaeontology, biogeography, zoology, and ecology"-- 
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