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Relaxation and Diffusion in Complex Systems / by K.L. Ngai

Relaxation and diffusion are general and common phenomena in many branches of condensed matter physics, chemistry and materials sciences. In disordered and partially ordered systems the classes of materials include liquids, colloids, polymers, rubbers, plastic crystals, biomolecules, ceramics, elect... Full description

PPN (Catalogue-ID): 655748806
Personen: Ngai, K.L.
Format: eBook eBook
Enthält: Preface; Acknowledgments; Contents; 1 Introduction to the Problems of Relaxation and Diffusion in Complex Systems; 1.1 Historical Perspective; 1.2 Relaxation and Diffusion; 1.2.1 Macroscopic Description of Dynamics: Time- and Frequency-Dependent Mechanical Properties; 1.2.1.1 Shear Creep and Recovery; 1.2.1.2 Shear Stress Relaxation; 1.2.1.3 Dynamic Shear Modulus; 1.2.1.4 Dynamic Shear Compliance; 1.2.1.5 Tensile (Bulk, Longitudinal) Compliance and Tensile (Bulk, Longitudinal) Modulus; 1.2.2 Macroscopic Description of Dynamics: Time- and Frequency-Dependent Dielectric Properties
Language: English
Published: New York, NY, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, 2011
Series: Partially Ordered Systems
Basisklassifikation: 30.20
33.28
33.66
Subjects:

Relaxation / Diffusion / Kondensierte Materie / Komplexes System

Notes: Includes bibliographical references and index
Physical Description: Online-Ressource, v.: digital.
ISBN: 978-1-4419-7649-9
Sekundärausgabe Online-Ausg., 2011, Springer eBook Collection. Physics and Astronomy

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501 |a Preface; Acknowledgments; Contents; 1 Introduction to the Problems of Relaxation and Diffusion in Complex Systems; 1.1 Historical Perspective; 1.2 Relaxation and Diffusion; 1.2.1 Macroscopic Description of Dynamics: Time- and Frequency-Dependent Mechanical Properties; 1.2.1.1 Shear Creep and Recovery; 1.2.1.2 Shear Stress Relaxation; 1.2.1.3 Dynamic Shear Modulus; 1.2.1.4 Dynamic Shear Compliance; 1.2.1.5 Tensile (Bulk, Longitudinal) Compliance and Tensile (Bulk, Longitudinal) Modulus; 1.2.2 Macroscopic Description of Dynamics: Time- and Frequency-Dependent Dielectric Properties 
501 |a 1.2.2.1 Dielectric Permittivity1.2.2.2 Electric Modulus; 1.2.3 Macroscopic Description: Spectroscopy Based on Other Variables; 1.2.3.1 Heat Capacity Spectroscopy; 1.2.3.2 Spectroscopy Based on Other Macroscopic Dynamic Variables; 1.3 Molecular Description of Dynamics in the Linear Response Regime; 1.3.1 Dielectric Relaxation; 1.3.2 Light Scattering; 1.3.3 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance; 1.3.4 Neutron Scattering; 1.3.5 The Green--Kubo Relation Between Transport Coefficients and Time Correlation Functions; 1.3.6 The Fluctuation--Dissipation Theorem; 1.4 Obstacles of Progress in Finding a Solution 
501 |a 1.4.1 An Unsolved Many-Body Problem1.4.2 Plethora of Experimental Facts: Anomalies are the Real Guides to Solution; 1.4.3 An Interdisciplinary Research Area: Downside and Upside; 1.4.3.1 The Downside; 1.4.3.2 The Upside; 1.5 Universal (Anomalous) Properties: The Outstanding Guides to Solution of the Problem; 2 Glass-Forming Substances and Systems; 2.1 Current Status of the Glass Transition Problem; 2.2 General Properties and Anomalies; 2.2.1 Non-exponential Time Correlation Function of the Structural 0-Relaxation, exp[(t/)1 0n] , the Kohlrausch Stretched Exponential Function 
501 |a 2.2.1.1 Crossover of Correlation Function from exp(0t/00) to exp[0(t/0)10n ] at tc, a Temperature-Insensitive Time2.2.1.2 Crossover of Temperature Dependence of Viscosity at High Temperatures; 2.2.1.3 A Relation Between Primitive Relaxation Time and Many-Body Relaxation Time Resulting from the Crossover at t c (the Coupling Model); 2.2.2 Length Scale and Dynamic Heterogeneous Nature of the Structural Relaxation; 2.2.2.1 Length Scale from the Free Volume Model; 2.2.2.2 Length Scale from the Configuration Entropy Model; 2.2.2.3 Length Scale from the Thermodynamic Fluctuation Theory 
501 |a 2.2.2.4 Dynamic Heterogeneity and Its Length Scale2.2.2.5 Length Scale from Relaxation Behavior of Nanophase-Separated Side-Chain Polymers; 2.2.2.6 Length Scale from Nanoconfinement; 2.2.2.7 Length Scale from Multi-point Dynamical Susceptibilities; 2.2.2.8 Length Scale Is Not Practical to Use as Measure of Many-Body Dynamics; 2.2.2.9 Why Fixation on the Length Scale of the ?-Relaxation, and Disregard of the Width of the Dispersion?; 2.2.3 Tg-Scaled Temperature Dependence of or and the Steepness or ''Fragility'' Index; 2.2.3.1 The Tg-Scaled Plot of -- by Oldekop--Laughlin--Uhlmann--Angell 
501 |a 2.2.3.2 The Steepness or ''Fragility'' Index 
520 |a Relaxation and diffusion are general and common phenomena in many branches of condensed matter physics, chemistry and materials sciences. In disordered and partially ordered systems the classes of materials include liquids, colloids, polymers, rubbers, plastic crystals, biomolecules, ceramics, electrolytes, fuel cell materials, molten salts, glasses, and etc. Each class is further subdivided into many different types of materials. For example, glasses vary from metallic glasses, oxide glasses, chalcogenide glasses, polymeric and organic glasses, and each form a separate discipline. In past years research has suffered from undue fragmentation in terms of individual classes of materials. Dr. Ngai was one of the few who recognized the existence of a remarkable universality of relaxation and diffusion properties across the diverse classes of materials, and he suggested that some yet undiscovered fundamental physics is behind this universality Beginning in 1979 with the publication of two articles in Comment Solid State Physics, Dr. Ngai launched an interdisciplinary study of relaxation and diffusion that has continued to the present. At this time, experimental evidence of universal behavior are plentiful and well substantiated. Dr. Ngai has also created a theoretical framework to characterize, correlate and interpret these universal properties. This book will be of interest to a large number of researchers across many disciplines. 
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